The Climate Change Committee (CCC) in the UK was established under the Climate Change Act (2008) to provide independent advice to the UK Government on how to achieve the goal of net zero Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions by 2050. The CCC recognise the need for the UK to achieve this goal by gradually reducing GHG emissions overtime to ensure an orderly path for the UK to net zero. This has resulted in the CCC proposing “Carbon Budgets” that outline the total GHG emissions that can be emitted by the UK over five-year periods. This is also consistent with the science of climate change where it is the total cumulative GHG emissions that determines the climate impact as opposed to the level of emissions in a specific year.
This report outlines the response from the Energy Demand Research Centre (EDRC) to the CCC’s consultation on how they should go about establishing their advice on the total GHG emissions within the 7th Carbon Budget (2037 to 2042). This time period represents a late stage of the UK’s climate journey with the ambition of being net zero by 2050.
Our response focuses primarily on the role of energy demand reduction in achieving the 7th Carbon Budget as this is the core area of research for the centre. We rely on the best available evidence produced over the past five years by researchers within EDRC and research external to the centre. We are looking forward to engaging more with the CCC as they move forward with their essential assessment.
See also related blog post.